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Lesson 5: The History of Agriculture and Project Management

Time: 1hr

Common Core:

Next Generation Science Standards: Grade 5

5-ESS3

Earth and Human Activity Students who demonstrate understanding can: 5-ESS3-1. Obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth’s resources and environment.

Objectives: To describe how methods of farming have changed over hundreds of years. To evaluate evidence we have about farming in the past.

Key words: Agriculture; Reliability; Irrigation; Ploughing; Harvesting; Threshing

(Using Key words: Students can create a glossary, in books or on wall in classroom. Students are encouraged to practice using vocab in written or verbal sentences – perhaps writing example sentences and displaying them. Students could earn points for using the vocab in novel sentences each week)

Resources:

  • PowerPoint – Ancient Egyptian farming
  • Worksheet
  • Ancient Egyptian Farming Photos (same ones that are in Ppt)
  • http://www.mnn.com/leaderboard/stories/19-super-kids-who-will-save-the-world-from-adults – article for optional Enterprise Homework assignment

Activities

Introduction

Class Discussion

Q: Hundreds of years ago, why did people farm? (For food for their families).

Q: Nowadays, why do people farm? (To feed themselves, but also to earn money).

Q: How could we find out about how people farmed 10 years ago? (Ask some farmers, look on the Internet).

Q: How could we find out about how people farmed 100 years ago? (Read some books).

Q: How could we find out about how people farmed 1000 years ago? (Pictures)

(Further Discussion – As time passes, is the evidence more or less reliable?)

Group Activity

Give each group a couple of pictures of ancient Egyptian farming. (Also on slides 1-9 on PowerPoint)

Have them write all the information that they can get (especially linked to farming) from these images, then feedback to the class.

Go through key words: Ploughing; Harvesting; Threshing; Irrigating

Discussion:

How do we farm today?

Is this true for all countries?

Show PowerPoint slides: 10-17 and discuss alternative methods of farming via the Ppt

Further Activities or Homework

Research food crises from the past – causes and effects

Healthy Growing Session (if participating)

Enterprise Intro

Just like modern day farmers, you will be planning a business project to raise money. Perhaps selling your produce at a farmers market, working in a local cafe, selling produce at your baseball game, teaching people how to compost, selling seedlings, selling produce at recess to other students, etc – something revolving around the garden and/or what we’ve been learning.

What could it be?

Brainstorm ideas.

Enterprise Workshop:

Business representative(s) visits and discusses with class how to start with an idea and develop it into a successful project.

Step 1: Brainstorm – imagination, no ideas are bad, think big (ie. airplane made into a garden–>gave tours

Step 2: Narrow

Step 3: Market Research/Investigate

a) Has this been done before?

b) What’s the competition like?

c) Do people want/need it?

Step 4: Plan and Design/Create (who are your customers, when, why, where?)

Step 5: Market and Promote

Step 6: Prepare (people, place, tools)

Step 7: Implement

Homework

Using this article about “19 Superkids Who Will Save the World From Adults,” http://www.mnn.com/leaderboard/stories/19-super-kids-who-will-save-the-world-from-adults assign each student one of these 19 kids, in which they will report back to the class on. The report could include:

  • Who the Superkid is
  • How the Superkid developed their idea
  • Some challenges the Superkid may have experienced
  • Some reasons the Superkid’s idea was such a success
  • How the Superkid has inspired the student

Downloads

Lesson Plan 5: The History of Agriculture

Powerpoint: Ancient Farming

Powerpoint: Modern Farming