Lesson 5: The History of Agriculture and Project Management

Time: 1hr

Common Core:

Next Generation Science Standards: Grade 5


Earth and Human Activity Students who demonstrate understanding can: 5-ESS3-1. Obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth’s resources and environment.

Objectives: To describe how methods of farming have changed over hundreds of years. To evaluate evidence we have about farming in the past.

Key words: Agriculture; Reliability; Irrigation; Ploughing; Harvesting; Threshing

(Using Key words: Students can create a glossary, in books or on wall in classroom. Students are encouraged to practice using vocab in written or verbal sentences – perhaps writing example sentences and displaying them. Students could earn points for using the vocab in novel sentences each week)


  • PowerPoint – Ancient Egyptian farming
  • Worksheet
  • Ancient Egyptian Farming Photos (same ones that are in Ppt)
  • – article for optional Enterprise Homework assignment



Class Discussion

Q: Hundreds of years ago, why did people farm? (For food for their families).

Q: Nowadays, why do people farm? (To feed themselves, but also to earn money).

Q: How could we find out about how people farmed 10 years ago? (Ask some farmers, look on the Internet).

Q: How could we find out about how people farmed 100 years ago? (Read some books).

Q: How could we find out about how people farmed 1000 years ago? (Pictures)

(Further Discussion – As time passes, is the evidence more or less reliable?)

Group Activity

Give each group a couple of pictures of ancient Egyptian farming. (Also on slides 1-9 on PowerPoint)

Have them write all the information that they can get (especially linked to farming) from these images, then feedback to the class.

Go through key words: Ploughing; Harvesting; Threshing; Irrigating


How do we farm today?

Is this true for all countries?

Show PowerPoint slides: 10-17 and discuss alternative methods of farming via the Ppt

Further Activities or Homework

Research food crises from the past – causes and effects

Healthy Growing Session (if participating)

Enterprise Intro

Just like modern day farmers, you will be planning a business project to raise money. Perhaps selling your produce at a farmers market, working in a local cafe, selling produce at your baseball game, teaching people how to compost, selling seedlings, selling produce at recess to other students, etc – something revolving around the garden and/or what we’ve been learning.

What could it be?

Brainstorm ideas.

Enterprise Workshop:

Business representative(s) visits and discusses with class how to start with an idea and develop it into a successful project.

Step 1: Brainstorm – imagination, no ideas are bad, think big (ie. airplane made into a garden–>gave tours

Step 2: Narrow

Step 3: Market Research/Investigate

a) Has this been done before?

b) What’s the competition like?

c) Do people want/need it?

Step 4: Plan and Design/Create (who are your customers, when, why, where?)

Step 5: Market and Promote

Step 6: Prepare (people, place, tools)

Step 7: Implement


Using this article about “19 Superkids Who Will Save the World From Adults,” assign each student one of these 19 kids, in which they will report back to the class on. The report could include:

  • Who the Superkid is
  • How the Superkid developed their idea
  • Some challenges the Superkid may have experienced
  • Some reasons the Superkid’s idea was such a success
  • How the Superkid has inspired the student


Lesson Plan 5: The History of Agriculture

Powerpoint: Ancient Farming

Powerpoint: Modern Farming