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Growing Guide

Plant TypePlanting InstructionsBasic Care Information
SpringFallPlanting DepthPlant SpacingDays to GerminateDays to Harvest
Vegetables
BeetsSEEDS: Plant outdoor 30 days before last frost date; continue planting every 3-4 weeks into summer.SEEDS: Plant 8-10 weeks before first frost date.1/2"1"7-10 days50-75
BroccoliSEEDS: Plant indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost date.TRANSPLANTS: Plant outdoors 3-4 weeks before last frost date.SEEDS: Plant indoors 17 weeks before first frost date; transplant outdoors 12 weeks before first frost date.1/4"15"-18"5-10 days60-75
CabbageSEEDS: Start indoors 50-60 days before last frost date.

TRANSPLANT: Plant outdoors 2-3 weeks before last frost date.
SEEDS: Plant in garden 13-14 weeks before first frost date.1/4"18"4-10 days60-100
CarrotsSEEDS: Plant outdoors 3-4 weeks before last frost date; continue plantings every 3-4 weeks to stagger harvest throughout growing season.SEEDS: In warmer climates, plant outdoors 13 weeks before first frost date. Protect from heat.1/2"1/2"10-17 days60-100
CeleryTransplants: Plant outdoor 1-2 weeks before last frost date. Keep moist.Transplants:Plant seeds 10-12 weeks before first frost date.1-3"8"130-140
ChardSEEDS: Plant outdoors 2-3 weeks before last frost date.SEEDS: Plant 6 weeks before first frost date.1"8"-12"4-14 days45-55
CollardsSEEDS: Plant directly in garden 3 weeks before last frost date; start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date and transplant outdoors 2 weeks before last frost date.SEEDS: Plant 10 weeks before first frost date.1/2"3"; thin to 6" apart once seedlings are a few inches tall5-10 days40
CornSEEDS: Plant outdoors when danger of frost has passed.SEEDS: Plant 15 weeks before first frost date.11/2"-2"6"-8"3-10 days50-100
CucumberSEEDS: Start indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost date; plant outside after the danger of frost has passed.SEEDS: Plant 14 weeks before first frost date.1"12"-24"3-8 days60-80
Fava BeansSEEDS: Plant outdoors in fall, in location needing soil amendment.1"4"-5"7-14 days120-150
FennelSEEDS: Plant outdoors1"2-3"7-14 days80-90
KaleSEEDS: Plant indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date; start seeds outdoors as soon as soil can be worked.

TRANSPLANTS: Plant in garden 2 weeks before last frost date.
SEEDS: Plant outdoors 8 weeks before first frost date.1/2"4"; thin to 12"-18" when seedlings are a few inches tall5-10 days70-80
KohlrabiSEEDS: Plant directly in garden 3 weeks before last frost date.SEEDS: Plant outdoors 8 weeks before first frost date.1/2"4"-6"10-14 days50-60
LeeksSEEDS: Plant indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost date.

TRANSPLANTS: Plant outdoors 8 weeks after starting seedlings.
5"2"-4"14-18 days100-120
LettuceSEEDS: Plant directly in garden 3 weeks before last frost date; sow every 2 weeks for prolonged harvest.SEEDS: Plant outdoors 8 weeks before first frost date.1/4"1/2"-1"7-10 days45-55
Miner's LettuceSEEDS: Plant outdoors 4 weeks before first frost date.1/4"1/2"10-14 days30-45
Mustard GreensSEEDS: Plant outdoors 3 weeks before last frost date and again 3 weeks later.SEEDS: Plant 4-6 weeks before first frost date.1/3"-1/2"3"-5"5-10 days45
OnionsSEEDS: Start indoors 8-10 weeks before last frost date. SETS: (TRANSPLANTS) more common, start outdoors 3 weeks before last frost date.Not recommended for fall planting.Seed: 1/4"
SET: depth of bulb
4-6"4-10 days60-90
ParsnipSEEDS: Soak seeds before planting outdoors when soil is workable.Same as Spring planting.1/2"Thin seedlings to 3"-6" apart14-21 days100-120
PeasSEEDS: Plant outdoors as soon as soil can be worked.SEEDS: Plant 12-13 weeks before first frost date.1"6-15 days60-80
PeppersTransplants: Plant outdoors in early spring.Not recommended for fall planting.2"6"-1"60-90
PotatoesSEED POTATOES: Early varieties can be planted outdoors as soon as soil can be worked; cut seed potatoes so there are 2-3 eyes per seed; dig trenches 6” wide, 6” deep, and 30-36” apart.SEEDS: Plant 15 weeks before first frost date.4"10"-15"10-15 days70-100
RadishSEEDS: Plant directly outdoors when temperatures are between 60-65 degrees (F) for optimal taste and growth.SEEDS: Plant directly outdoors when temperatures are between 60-65 degrees (F) for optimal taste and growth1/4"1"-2"3-10 days18-45 (Spring Varieties)
45-70 (Fall Varieties)
RhubarbPlant Divisions: Plant directly outdoors as soon as soil can be worked.Perennial Plant (produce for multiple years)4"-6"3'-6'65-85
Runner BeansSEEDS: Plant directly in garden 3 weeks before last frost date.SEEDS: Plant directly in garden8 weeks before first frost date.1"-2"2"10-15 days50-80
ShallotsCloves: Plant directly in garden as soon as soil can be worked.Cloves: Plant directly in garden after first frost.2"-3"6"Green shoots in 60 daysNew bulbs 90-120
Snap BeansSEEDS: Plant outdoors 2-3 weeks before last frost date.Not recommended for fall planting.1"1"-3"10-15 days50-80
SpinachSEEDS: Plant outdoors 4 weeks before first frost date.1/2"10-15 days40-50
Summer SquashSEEDS: Indoors 3-4 weeks before last frost date.

TRANSPLANTS:Plant outdoors when danger of frost has passed.
SEEDS: Plant outdoors 13 weeks before first frost date.1"6"; thin to 24"-36" as seedlings grow10-Apr50-70
TomatoesSEEDS: Start indoors 6-7 weeks before last frost date.

TRANSPLANTS: Plant outside when danger of frost has passed.
SEEDS: In warmer climates, plant indoors 20 weeks before first frost date; transplant outdoors 16 weeks before first frost date.1/4"-1/2"18"-24"6-14 days65-90
TurnipSEEDS: Plant in ground as soon as soil can be worked.SEEDS: Plant 10 weeks before first frost date.1/2"2"-4"3-10 daysVaries; turnip roots/greens can be harvested at desired size throughout season.
Winter SquashSEEDS: Plant indoors 3-4 weeks before last frost date.

TRANSPLANTS: Plant outdoors when danger of frost has passed.
SEEDS: Plant outdoors 13 weeks before first frost date.1"6"; thin to 24"-36" as seedlings grow4-10 days80-120
Plant TypePlanting InstructionsBasic Care Information
SpringFallPlanting DepthPlant SpacingDays to GerminateDays to Harvest
Fruits
BlackberriesPerennial plant (produce for multiple years)TRANSPLANTS: Plant outdoors in fall or winter.1" deeper than grown in nursery3'; Upright varieties 4'; trailing varietiesBerries are ripe mid-summer - August
BlueberriesTransplants: Plant outdoors in early spring.Perennial Plant (produce for multiple years)Depends on size of plant.2'-3'Late July - mid-August
MelonsSEEDS: Start outdoors three weeks after last frost. Transplants: Plant outdoors one month after last frost date.Not recommended for fall planting.Seeds: 1"
Transplant: depending on size
2'5-10 days80-95
RaspberriesTransplants: Plant outdoors in early spring.Perennial Plant (produce for multiple years)So roots are covered.3'Produce in second season (depends on variety)
StrawberriesTransplants: Strawberries TRANSPLANTS: Plant outdoors in early spring.Not recommended for fall planting.So roots are just covered.9"; as plants send out "runners" (daughter plants), clip off all but the healthiest 5 runners.Berries will be ready about one month after the plants flower.
Plant TypePlanting InstructionsBasic Care Information
SpringFallPlanting DepthPlant SpacingDays to GerminateDays to Harvest
Flowers
Artichokes (Edible)Transplants: Plant outdoors in early spring.Perennial Plant (produce for multiple years)Plant with bud/shoot just above soil level4'-6'150-180
Borage (Edible)SEEDS: Plant outdoors 2-3 weeks before last frost date.Perennial Plant (produce for multiple years)1/2"Thin seedlings to 2'~42
Calendula (Medicinal)SEEDS: sow seeds outdoors after last frost.Calendula naturally re-seeds
CosmosSEEDS: Cosmos SEEDS: sow seeds outdoors after last frost.Not recommended for fall planting.1/2"Thin Seedlings to 3"-4"5-10 daysBloom until first frost
DaffodilNot recommended for spring planting.Bulbs: Plant outdoors 2-4 weeks before first frost.11/2-5 times bulb depth.3"-6"Bloom late winter, early spring
DandelionSEEDS: Start indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost date.Not recommended for fall planting.1/2"Thin seedlings to 6"-8"5-10 days
Viola TricolorSEEDS: Start outdoors after last frost1/4"Thin seedlings to 6"-8"80-90
NasturtiumSEEDS: Start outdoors after last frostNasturtium naturally re-seeds1/2"2"-3"7-10 daysEarly summer-fall
PurslaneSEEDS: Scatter seeds after last frostCollect seeds at end of year for spring replantSurfaceNoneHarvest regularly (invasive)
Plant TypePlanting InstructionsBasic Care Information
SpringFallPlanting DepthPlant SpacingDays to GerminateDays to Harvest
Herbs
BasilSEEDS: Start indoors 2- 4 weeks before last frost date. TRANSPLANTS: Plant outdoors 2-4 weeks after last frost date.Not recommended for fall plantingPlant root, leaving stem exposed5-6"5-6 days85 days
CilantroSEEDS: sow seeds outdoors after last frost.Not recommended for fall planting1"2"-3"7-10 days21-28 days
DillSEEDS: sow seeds outdoors 4-5 weeks before last spring frost.Not recommended for fall planting1"2"-3"21-25 days70 days
LavenderTransplants: Plant outdoors in early spring.Perennial Plant (produces for multiple years)Plant root ball with shoots above ground2-3'60 days
MintTransplants: Plant outdoors in early spring.Perennial Plant (produces for multiple years)Plant root ball with shoots above ground1'1/2"
OreganoSEEDS: sow seeds outdoors after last frost.Perennial Plant (produces for multiple years)1/2"5"8-14 days
ParsleySEEDS: 3-4 weeks before last spring frostNot recommended for fall planting1/2"3-4"21 days75 days
RosemarySEEDS: sow seeds outdoors after last frostPerennial Plant (produces for multiple years)1/2"2'21 days85 days
SageSEEDS: sow seeds outdoors 1-2 weeks before last frostPerennial Plant (produces for multiple years)1/2"2'21 days75 days